Leather is a natural, durable, and flexible material obtained from the tanning of raw animal skins, especially cattle. The tanning process transforms perishable skin into a durable, permanent, and flexible natural material for a variety of applications. Leather in combination with wood forms the basis of ancient technology.
The leather and fur industries are different. The difference is the importance of the raw materials used in each. leather pieces are very expensive.
What are the uses of leather pieces?
Raw materials used in the leather industry are by-products of the meat industry, while meat is more valuable than skin. Raw materials used in the fur industry are more valuable than meat, so meat is considered a byproduct.
Taxidermy makes it possible for humans to use animal skin, but more importantly their skin, head and back. Raw skins are also used in making glue and gelatin. There are several ways in which, as a result, the animal’s skin becomes a flexible material called leather.
Leather is used to make a variety of products such as shoes, clothes, bags, book covers, furniture and more.Leather has many uses. But the use of leather is more in the manufacture of jackets, bags and shoes. Leather Applications: Clothing such as pants, tie, gloves, coats, jackets, shoes, belts Accessories such as briefcase, keychain .thick leather pieces are very useful.
Leather Remnants and Scraps For Export
The economic downturn of the late 1980s had a major impact on the global leather and leather markets. Production has fallen by about 2.5% since the economic downturn, and prices have fallen by 0.7% since the beginning of the year.
It is out of crisis.In Iran, post-Mongol writings by Khaje Rashid al-Din indicate that the leather and leather trade was booming in Iran. During the Qajar era, Hamadan was an important center for the production of leather, known as “Hamadani leather”, made from sheepskin.
One of the works that Amir Kabir sent to an exhibition in London during the year was leather. In addition, during this period, exports of leather and leather from most Iranian cities to Russia, Ottoman and India flourished. In addition to Hamadan, Tabriz and Isfahan also contributed significantly to the production and export of leather. Iran’s first leather factory was founded in Tabriz in the 19th century, after which factories were established in Hamedan, Tehran, and Isfahan. leather sheets can be used in many different ways.
Demand of real leather pieces on global market
In 2007, Nike and Timberland stopped buying leather from deforested areas of the Amazon forest, only a few weeks after a report by the Greenpeace Organization showed that flocks in the Amazon region were destroying the Amazon forests.Leather is produced in two general ways in the world, either by using chrome or by plant material.
In the first method (chromium), the intercellular spaces of the raw skin surface are stained using chromium chemicals.
The use of chrome materials is a traditional way of making leather, and until recent years, most of the world’s leather was manufactured in this way. But today in Europe and the US not only the use of this method is banned, but also the leather products manufactured with chrome leather are not allowed to enter the market of these countries and are mainly produced for consumption in third world countries.
leather by the yard chromium is a heavy metal that damages both the environment and human health; this damage has prompted governments in advanced countries in recent years to encourage manufacturers of leather and leather products to use plant materials for leather and leather products. . However, in Iran, there is no proper information on the damages and disadvantages of chrome leather and there is no law to restrict the use of this type of leather.